Browsing: Biscuit making & handling equipment

A.I. in the Bakery Kitchen?

American food manufacturer Jeanette Harris would never have put two teaspoons of cardamom in a recipe for a dozen biscuits.

The spice is strong, polarising and typically associated with India and Asian cooking, not gluten-free chocolate chip biscuits.

“Humans have internal biases about these sorts of things, especially cooks and bakers — we have these ideas that these are the tried and true ways,” Harris says.

Two teaspoons of cardamom is not one of those tried and true ways. But when an artificial intelligence designed to optimise parts for airplanes and spaceships told her two teaspoons of cardamom was the right amount, she listened.

“And it tasted delicious.” Harris, who founded the Gluten Free Goat Bakery, worked with Google’s AI research team at the company’s Pittsburgh office and its chef to develop a biscuit recipe using machine learning and artificial intelligence.

“It was arguably one of the tastier applications for Google’s Hypertune project”, engineer Daniel Golovin says.

The thought to apply Google’s AI technology to baking biscuits started one day as employees sat around talking at lunch.

Greg Kochanski, a member of the team working on AI, worried that the technology would develop with only applications for large corporations, and leave behind small businesses. He proposed finding a real-world, small use for it…and the Google biscuit experiment was born.

The team first worked with John Karbowski, a chef at Google who teaches cooking to employees. Karbowski and the team began baking chocolate chip biscuits using recipes devised by the AI.

The artificial intelligence works by using a relatively small data set to create the optimal conditions based on any number of parameters. For the chocolate chip biscuits, the AI could determine the amount of specified ingredients, the temperature and time in the oven or other factors in the baking process. The AI takes data from test batches of biscuits and uses it to design the best batch.

“You’re not going to do this billions of times,” Golovin says of baking batches of cookies. “The trick is to do this as few times as possible.”

Some biscuits concocted by the AI were terrible — not enough butter, too much chocolate. Some had orange extract and cayenne pepper. Some were good.

Google employees taste-tested the biscuits, and their feedback was fed into the AI to help it make better decisions about the next batch. After many batches of biscuits — Google’s kitchen has five ovens — the team landed on the optimal, basic, chocolate chip cookie recipe. But they weren’t done there.

To challenge the AI, the team went to Harris, whose bakery specialises in gluten-free, vegan and soy-free treats. Harris gave the team an unfinished, chocolate chip biscuit recipe that she was developing.

The AI took control over four or five ingredients, including cardamom and Szechuan pepper, the latter of which it decided does not belong in chocolate chip biscuits and was zeroed out of the recipe. The rest of the recipe was left to Harris’ expertise.

It took the AI about 60 batches of cookies to nail the recipe…not bad for a computer starting from scratch, Harris says.

Both she and Karbowski say it was a bit unnerving to give the AI control over some of the baking process and decision making. “You have to kind of surrender to how you as a baker or chef instinctually react when we look at ingredients and just trust in the recipe that the machine puts out,” Karbowski says.

Neither Harris nor Karbowski actively uses Google’s AI in the kitchen, and they both say that the technology may not be the most beneficial to their small-scale operations, where test batches and tastings are possible.

Both could see artificial intelligence and machine learning benefiting larger baking and cooking operations. And neither is worried that artificial intelligence is coming for their jobs.

Instead, the technology will help them do their jobs better, they say. “AI brought into a kitchen — it’s a little scary at first,” Karbowski says. “But it really expands your mind.” Or at least, it can help you find the perfect amount of cardamom for your cookies. 

jeanette harris

This story first appeared in the Tribune-Review in the US.

Eriez Magnetics Pty Ltd

Trading as: Eriez Magnetics Pty Ltd
61 3 8401 7400
61 3 8401 4512

Eriez is a leading provider of food processing equipment to Australia and surrounding countries. Our range of metal detectors, magnetic separators and vibratory feeders, screeners and conveyors are designed for the specific needs of the food manufacturing industry. Products range from Xtreme Metal Detection systems and the RE7 Tube Circuit to the ProGrade line of magnetic separators which includes highly effective plates, grates, traps and tubes. Eriez metal detectors can be combined with the strongest Rare Earth magnets to provide superior protection against both ferrous, non-ferrous and work-hardened stainless steel. Eriez also offers audit, inspection and testing of equipment to ensure customers are compliant with the HACCP International Food Safety Standards. Eriez provides an extensive range of innovative equipment to protect product purity, from the moment ingredients enter your plant to the time the end product is shipped. Eriez is recognized as world authority in separation technology.

General Manager
James Cooke
Sales Engineer: Southern Region
Jonathan Schulberg
Location

21 Shirley Way
Epping
Victoria 3076
Australia

Selpak

+64 9 263 6113
+64 272 001 727

Selpak is amongst the largest agents of premium packaging and processing equipment in New Zealand & Australia, distributing to industries including food, beverage, pharmaceutical, confectionary and cosmetics. A leader in the industry for over forty years, Selpak supplies equipment that establishes the highest benchmarks in quality and innovation.

Product Manager
Andrew Talaimanu
Location

Unit C11, 710 Great South Rd
Manukau
Auckland 2104
New Zealand

Postal Address

PO Box 97352
Manukau City Mail Centre
Auckland 2241
New Zealand

Locker Group

0800 285 837
9 273 9825
9 274 5940

Locker Group offers a range of conveyor belts to suit any manufacturing operation, whether the belt passes through a furnace or freezer, in a straight line or around a tight curve. Local manufacturing combined with extensive market knowledge means in a breakdown situation Locker can assist.
Lockers conveyor belting includes woven wire, rolmat, spiral, plastic and plastic hybrid belts to suit any conveyor application. Use it to convey food, glass, metals and industrial products, through furnaces and ovens, any hot or cold environment.
Manufactured to any width or length, Locker metal belting withstands temperatures as cold as -250 degrees and a high as 1200 degrees.
Assembled in sections for easy maintenance, Locker belts can be custom designed for all drive needs and requirements.

Location

12 Offenhauser Drive
East Tamaki
Auckland
New Zealand

Magnattack™ Global

0064 2 4272 5527
0064 2 4272 5927

Magnattack™ Global specializes in the design and manufacture of ultra-high intensity RE80™ +11,000 gauss magnet systems, to protect your product, brand, customers, and equipment from foreign metal contamination.
Our range of manual and self-cleaning designs help you ensure fine ferrous material and magnetic fragments are extracted and retained in critical applications of food processing lines.
Working closely with a worldwide base of clients, the Magnattack™ team have 50 years’ experience in metal fragment control in liquid, powder, granular, winery and rendering applications for food safety, product security, and brand protection.
With efficient design and high-end detail during manufacturing, Magnattack™ magnetic separators conform to current HACCP and USDA standards. Technical support and backup is available worldwide.
To reduce your risks of foreign metal contamination, contact the Magnattack™ team today.
Magnattack Global – When Reliability Matters.

General Manager
Kevin Baker
Marketing Contact
Cassandra Baker
Technical Support Manager AU & NZ
Calvin Ruddiman
Location

16 Prince of Wales Ave
Unanderra
NSW 2526
Australia

Schaumburg Branch
Branch Location
550 Albion Avenue
Schaumburg
60193
United States
Russell Paskewitz, Technical Support Manager USA
630-994-3310
Email